Logo Search packages:      
Sourcecode: jetty version File versions  Download package

HttpServletResponse.java

/**
 *
 * Copyright 2003-2004 The Apache Software Foundation
 *
 *  Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 *  you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 *  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 *  Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 *  distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 *  WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 *  See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 *  limitations under the License.
 */

//
// This source code implements specifications defined by the Java
// Community Process. In order to remain compliant with the specification
// DO NOT add / change / or delete method signatures!
//

package javax.servlet.http;

import java.io.IOException;

import javax.servlet.ServletResponse;

/**
 * Extends the {@link ServletResponse} interface to provide HTTP-specific
 * functionality in sending a response.  For example, it has methods
 * to access HTTP headers and cookies.
 *
 * <p>The servlet container creates an <code>HttpServletResponse</code> object
 * and passes it as an argument to the servlet's service methods
 * (<code>doGet</code>, <code>doPost</code>, etc).
 *
 * @see javax.servlet.ServletResponse
 *
 * @version $Revision: 1.7 $ $Date: 2005/04/07 09:15:27 $
 */
00043 public interface HttpServletResponse extends ServletResponse {
    /**
     * Adds the specified cookie to the response.  This method can be called
     * multiple times to set more than one cookie.
     *
     * @param cookie the Cookie to return to the client
     */
    public void addCookie(Cookie cookie);

    /**
     * Returns a boolean indicating whether the named response header has
     * already been set.
     *
     * @param name the header name
     * @return <code>true</code> if the named response header has already been
     * set; <code>false</code> otherwise
     */
    public boolean containsHeader(String name);

    /**
     * Encodes the specified URL by including the session ID in it,
     * or, if encoding is not needed, returns the URL unchanged.
     * The implementation of this method includes the logic to
     * determine whether the session ID needs to be encoded in the URL.
     * For example, if the browser supports cookies, or session
     * tracking is turned off, URL encoding is unnecessary.
     *
     * <p>For robust session tracking, all URLs emitted by a servlet
     * should be run through this
     * method.  Otherwise, URL rewriting cannot be used with browsers
     * which do not support cookies.
     *
     * @param url the url to be encoded.
     * @return the encoded URL if encoding is needed; the unchanged URL
     * otherwise.
     */
    public String encodeURL(String url);

    /**
     * Encodes the specified URL for use in the
     * <code>sendRedirect</code> method or, if encoding is not needed,
     * returns the URL unchanged.  The implementation of this method
     * includes the logic to determine whether the session ID
     * needs to be encoded in the URL.  Because the rules for making
     * this determination can differ from those used to decide whether to
     * encode a normal link, this method is separete from the
     * <code>encodeURL</code> method.
     *
     * <p>All URLs sent to the <code>HttpServletResponse.sendRedirect</code>
     * method should be run through this method.  Otherwise, URL
     * rewriting cannot be used with browsers which do not support
     * cookies.
     *
     * @param url the url to be encoded.
     * @return the encoded URL if encoding is needed; the unchanged URL
     * otherwise.
     *
     * @see #sendRedirect
     * @see #encodeUrl
     */
    public String encodeRedirectURL(String url);

    /**
     * @deprecated As of version 2.1, use encodeURL(String url) instead
     *
     * @param url the url to be encoded.
     * @return the encoded URL if encoding is needed; the unchanged URL
     * otherwise.
     */
    public String encodeUrl(String url);

    /**
     * @deprecated As of version 2.1, use encodeRedirectURL(String url) instead
     *
     * @param url the url to be encoded.
     * @return the encoded URL if encoding is needed; the unchanged URL
     * otherwise.
     */
    public String encodeRedirectUrl(String url);

    /**
     * Sends an error response to the client using the specified
     * status.  The server defaults to creating the
     * response to look like an HTML-formatted server error page
     * containing the specified message, setting the content type
     * to "text/html", leaving cookies and other headers unmodified.
     *
     * If an error-page declaration has been made for the web application
     * corresponding to the status code passed in, it will be served back in
     * preference to the suggested msg parameter.
     *
     * <p>If the response has already been committed, this method throws
     * an IllegalStateException.
     * After using this method, the response should be considered
     * to be committed and should not be written to.
     *
     * @param sc the error status code
     * @param msg the descriptive message
     * @exception IOException If an input or output exception occurs
     * @exception IllegalStateException If the response was committed
     */
    public void sendError(int sc, String msg) throws IOException;

    /**
     * Sends an error response to the client using the specified status
     * code and clearing the buffer.
     * <p>If the response has already been committed, this method throws
     * an IllegalStateException.
     * After using this method, the response should be considered
     * to be committed and should not be written to.
     *
     * @param sc the error status code
     * @exception IOException If an input or output exception occurs
     * @exception IllegalStateException If the response was committed
     * before this method call
     */
    public void sendError(int sc) throws IOException;

    /**
     * Sends a temporary redirect response to the client using the
     * specified redirect location URL.  This method can accept relative URLs;
     * the servlet container must convert the relative URL to an absolute URL
     * before sending the response to the client. If the location is relative
     * without a leading '/' the container interprets it as relative to
     * the current request URI. If the location is relative with a leading
     * '/' the container interprets it as relative to the servlet container root.
     *
     * <p>If the response has already been committed, this method throws
     * an IllegalStateException.
     * After using this method, the response should be considered
     * to be committed and should not be written to.
     *
     * @param location the redirect location URL
     * @exception IOException If an input or output exception occurs
     * @exception IllegalStateException If the response was committed or
     * if a partial URL is given and cannot be converted into a valid URL
     */
    public void sendRedirect(String location) throws IOException;

    /**
     * Sets a response header with the given name and
     * date-value.  The date is specified in terms of
     * milliseconds since the epoch.  If the header had already
     * been set, the new value overwrites the previous one.  The
     * <code>containsHeader</code> method can be used to test for the
     * presence of a header before setting its value.
     *
     * @param name the name of the header to set
     * @param date the assigned date value
     *
     * @see #containsHeader
     * @see #addDateHeader
     */
    public void setDateHeader(String name, long date);

    /**
     * Adds a response header with the given name and
     * date-value.  The date is specified in terms of
     * milliseconds since the epoch.  This method allows response headers
     * to have multiple values.
     *
     * @param name the name of the header to set
     * @param date the additional date value
     *
     * @see #setDateHeader
     */
    public void addDateHeader(String name, long date);

    /**
     * Sets a response header with the given name and value.
     * If the header had already been set, the new value overwrites the
     * previous one.  The <code>containsHeader</code> method can be
     * used to test for the presence of a header before setting its
     * value.
     *
     * @param name the name of the header
     * @param value the header value  If it contains octet string,
     * it should be encoded according to RFC 2047
     * (http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2047.txt)
     *
     * @see #containsHeader
     * @see #addHeader
     */
    public void setHeader(String name, String value);

    /**
     * Adds a response header with the given name and value.
     * This method allows response headers to have multiple values.
     *
     * @param name the name of the header
     * @param value the additional header value If it contains octet string,
     * it should be encoded according to RFC 2047
     * (http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2047.txt)
     *
     * @see #setHeader
     */
    public void addHeader(String name, String value);

    /**
     * Sets a response header with the given name and
     * integer value.  If the header had already been set, the new value
     * overwrites the previous one.  The <code>containsHeader</code>
     * method can be used to test for the presence of a header before
     * setting its value.
     *
     * @param name the name of the header
     * @param value the assigned integer value
     *
     * @see #containsHeader
     * @see #addIntHeader
     */
    public void setIntHeader(String name, int value);

    /**
     * Adds a response header with the given name and
     * integer value.  This method allows response headers to have multiple
     * values.
     *
     * @param name the name of the header
     * @param value the assigned integer value
     *
     * @see #setIntHeader
     */
    public void addIntHeader(String name, int value);

    /**
     * Sets the status code for this response.  This method is used to
     * set the return status code when there is no error (for example,
     * for the status codes SC_OK or SC_MOVED_TEMPORARILY).  If there
     * is an error, and the caller wishes to invoke an error-page defined
     * in the web applicaion, the <code>sendError</code> method should be used
     * instead.
     * <p> The container clears the buffer and sets the Location header, preserving
     * cookies and other headers.
     *
     * @param sc the status code
     *
     * @see #sendError
     */
    public void setStatus(int sc);

    /**
     * @deprecated As of version 2.1, due to ambiguous meaning of the
     * message parameter. To set a status code
     * use <code>setStatus(int)</code>, to send an error with a description
     * use <code>sendError(int, String)</code>.
     *
     * Sets the status code and message for this response.
     *
     * @param sc the status code
     * @param sm the status message
     */
    public void setStatus(int sc, String sm);

    //
    // Server status codes; see RFC 2068.
    //

    /**
     * Status code (100) indicating the client can continue.
     */
00304     public static final int SC_CONTINUE = 100;

    /**
     * Status code (101) indicating the server is switching protocols
     * according to Upgrade header.
     */
00310     public static final int SC_SWITCHING_PROTOCOLS = 101;

    /**
     * Status code (200) indicating the request succeeded normally.
     */
00315     public static final int SC_OK = 200;

    /**
     * Status code (201) indicating the request succeeded and created
     * a new resource on the server.
     */
00321     public static final int SC_CREATED = 201;

    /**
     * Status code (202) indicating that a request was accepted for
     * processing, but was not completed.
     */
00327     public static final int SC_ACCEPTED = 202;

    /**
     * Status code (203) indicating that the meta information presented
     * by the client did not originate from the server.
     */
00333     public static final int SC_NON_AUTHORITATIVE_INFORMATION = 203;

    /**
     * Status code (204) indicating that the request succeeded but that
     * there was no new information to return.
     */
00339     public static final int SC_NO_CONTENT = 204;

    /**
     * Status code (205) indicating that the agent <em>SHOULD</em> reset
     * the document view which caused the request to be sent.
     */
00345     public static final int SC_RESET_CONTENT = 205;

    /**
     * Status code (206) indicating that the server has fulfilled
     * the partial GET request for the resource.
     */
00351     public static final int SC_PARTIAL_CONTENT = 206;

    /**
     * Status code (300) indicating that the requested resource
     * corresponds to any one of a set of representations, each with
     * its own specific location.
     */
00358     public static final int SC_MULTIPLE_CHOICES = 300;

    /**
     * Status code (301) indicating that the resource has permanently
     * moved to a new location, and that future references should use a
     * new URI with their requests.
     */
00365     public static final int SC_MOVED_PERMANENTLY = 301;

    /**
     * Status code (302) indicating that the resource has temporarily
     * moved to another location, but that future references should
     * still use the original URI to access the resource.
     *
     * This definition is being retained for backwards compatibility.
     * SC_FOUND is now the preferred definition.
     */
00375     public static final int SC_MOVED_TEMPORARILY = 302;

    /**
     * Status code (302) indicating that the resource reside
     * temporarily under a different URI. Since the redirection might
     * be altered on occasion, the client should continue to use the
     * Request-URI for future requests.(HTTP/1.1) To represent the
     * status code (302), it is recommended to use this variable.
     */
00384     public static final int SC_FOUND = 302;

    /**
     * Status code (303) indicating that the response to the request
     * can be found under a different URI.
     */
00390     public static final int SC_SEE_OTHER = 303;

    /**
     * Status code (304) indicating that a conditional GET operation
     * found that the resource was available and not modified.
     */
00396     public static final int SC_NOT_MODIFIED = 304;

    /**
     * Status code (305) indicating that the requested resource
     * <em>MUST</em> be accessed through the proxy given by the
     * <code><em>Location</em></code> field.
     */
00403     public static final int SC_USE_PROXY = 305;

    /**
     * Status code (307) indicating that the requested resource
     * resides temporarily under a different URI. The temporary URI
     * <em>SHOULD</em> be given by the <code><em>Location</em></code>
     * field in the response.
     */
00411     public static final int SC_TEMPORARY_REDIRECT = 307;

    /**
     * Status code (400) indicating the request sent by the client was
     * syntactically incorrect.
     */
00417     public static final int SC_BAD_REQUEST = 400;

    /**
     * Status code (401) indicating that the request requires HTTP
     * authentication.
     */
00423     public static final int SC_UNAUTHORIZED = 401;

    /**
     * Status code (402) reserved for future use.
     */
00428     public static final int SC_PAYMENT_REQUIRED = 402;

    /**
     * Status code (403) indicating the server understood the request
     * but refused to fulfill it.
     */
00434     public static final int SC_FORBIDDEN = 403;

    /**
     * Status code (404) indicating that the requested resource is not
     * available.
     */
00440     public static final int SC_NOT_FOUND = 404;

    /**
     * Status code (405) indicating that the method specified in the
     * <code><em>Request-Line</em></code> is not allowed for the resource
     * identified by the <code><em>Request-URI</em></code>.
     */
00447     public static final int SC_METHOD_NOT_ALLOWED = 405;

    /**
     * Status code (406) indicating that the resource identified by the
     * request is only capable of generating response entities which have
     * content characteristics not acceptable according to the accept
     * headers sent in the request.
     */
00455     public static final int SC_NOT_ACCEPTABLE = 406;

    /**
     * Status code (407) indicating that the client <em>MUST</em> first
     * authenticate itself with the proxy.
     */
00461     public static final int SC_PROXY_AUTHENTICATION_REQUIRED = 407;

    /**
     * Status code (408) indicating that the client did not produce a
     * request within the time that the server was prepared to wait.
     */
00467     public static final int SC_REQUEST_TIMEOUT = 408;

    /**
     * Status code (409) indicating that the request could not be
     * completed due to a conflict with the current state of the
     * resource.
     */
00474     public static final int SC_CONFLICT = 409;

    /**
     * Status code (410) indicating that the resource is no longer
     * available at the server and no forwarding address is known.
     * This condition <em>SHOULD</em> be considered permanent.
     */
00481     public static final int SC_GONE = 410;

    /**
     * Status code (411) indicating that the request cannot be handled
     * without a defined <code><em>Content-Length</em></code>.
     */
00487     public static final int SC_LENGTH_REQUIRED = 411;

    /**
     * Status code (412) indicating that the precondition given in one
     * or more of the request-header fields evaluated to false when it
     * was tested on the server.
     */
00494     public static final int SC_PRECONDITION_FAILED = 412;

    /**
     * Status code (413) indicating that the server is refusing to process
     * the request because the request entity is larger than the server is
     * willing or able to process.
     */
00501     public static final int SC_REQUEST_ENTITY_TOO_LARGE = 413;

    /**
     * Status code (414) indicating that the server is refusing to service
     * the request because the <code><em>Request-URI</em></code> is longer
     * than the server is willing to interpret.
     */
00508     public static final int SC_REQUEST_URI_TOO_LONG = 414;

    /**
     * Status code (415) indicating that the server is refusing to service
     * the request because the entity of the request is in a format not
     * supported by the requested resource for the requested method.
     */
00515     public static final int SC_UNSUPPORTED_MEDIA_TYPE = 415;

    /**
     * Status code (416) indicating that the server cannot serve the
     * requested byte range.
     */
00521     public static final int SC_REQUESTED_RANGE_NOT_SATISFIABLE = 416;

    /**
     * Status code (417) indicating that the server could not meet the
     * expectation given in the Expect request header.
     */
00527     public static final int SC_EXPECTATION_FAILED = 417;

    /**
     * Status code (500) indicating an error inside the HTTP server
     * which prevented it from fulfilling the request.
     */
00533     public static final int SC_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR = 500;

    /**
     * Status code (501) indicating the HTTP server does not support
     * the functionality needed to fulfill the request.
     */
00539     public static final int SC_NOT_IMPLEMENTED = 501;

    /**
     * Status code (502) indicating that the HTTP server received an
     * invalid response from a server it consulted when acting as a
     * proxy or gateway.
     */
00546     public static final int SC_BAD_GATEWAY = 502;

    /**
     * Status code (503) indicating that the HTTP server is
     * temporarily overloaded, and unable to handle the request.
     */
00552     public static final int SC_SERVICE_UNAVAILABLE = 503;

    /**
     * Status code (504) indicating that the server did not receive
     * a timely response from the upstream server while acting as
     * a gateway or proxy.
     */
00559     public static final int SC_GATEWAY_TIMEOUT = 504;

    /**
     * Status code (505) indicating that the server does not support
     * or refuses to support the HTTP protocol version that was used
     * in the request message.
     */
00566     public static final int SC_HTTP_VERSION_NOT_SUPPORTED = 505;
}

Generated by  Doxygen 1.6.0   Back to index