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HttpServer.java

// ========================================================================
// $Id: HttpServer.java,v 1.70 2005/12/04 11:43:21 gregwilkins Exp $
// Copyright 1999-2004 Mort Bay Consulting Pty. Ltd.
// ------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
// you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at 
// http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
// WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
// See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
// limitations under the License.
// ========================================================================

package org.mortbay.http;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.ObjectInputStream;
import java.io.ObjectOutputStream;
import java.io.Serializable;
import java.net.MalformedURLException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.Collection;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.WeakHashMap;

import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
import org.mortbay.log.LogFactory;
import org.mortbay.http.handler.DumpHandler;
import org.mortbay.http.handler.NotFoundHandler;
import org.mortbay.http.handler.ResourceHandler;
import org.mortbay.util.Container;
import org.mortbay.util.EventProvider;
import org.mortbay.util.InetAddrPort;
import org.mortbay.util.LifeCycle;
import org.mortbay.util.LogSupport;
import org.mortbay.util.MultiException;
import org.mortbay.util.Resource;
import org.mortbay.util.StringMap;
import org.mortbay.util.ThreadPool;
import org.mortbay.util.URI;



/* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
/** HTTP Server.
 * Services HTTP requests by maintaining a mapping between
 * a collection of HttpListeners which generate requests and
 * HttpContexts which contain collections of HttpHandlers.
 *
 * This class is configured by API calls.  The
 * org.mortbay.jetty.Server class uses XML configuration files to
 * configure instances of this class.
 *
 * The HttpServer implements the BeanContext API so that membership
 * events may be generated for HttpListeners, HttpContexts and WebApplications.
 *
 * @see HttpContext
 * @see HttpHandler
 * @see HttpConnection
 * @see HttpListener
 * @see org.mortbay.jetty.Server
 * @version $Id: HttpServer.java,v 1.70 2005/12/04 11:43:21 gregwilkins Exp $
 * @author Greg Wilkins (gregw)
 */
00072 public class HttpServer extends Container
                        implements LifeCycle,
                                   EventProvider,
                                   Serializable
{
    private static Log log = LogFactory.getLog(HttpServer.class);
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    private static WeakHashMap __servers = new WeakHashMap();
    private static Collection __roServers =
        Collections.unmodifiableCollection(__servers.keySet());
    private static String[] __noVirtualHost=new String[1];
    
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Get HttpServer Collection.
     * Get a collection of all known HttpServers.  Servers can be
     * removed from this list with the setAnonymous call.
     * @return  Collection of all servers.
     */
00092     public static Collection getHttpServers()
    {
        return __roServers;
    }

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** 
     * @deprecated User getHttpServers()
     */
00101     public static List getHttpServerList()
    {
        return new ArrayList(__roServers);
    }
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    private List _listeners = new ArrayList(3);
    private HashMap _realmMap = new HashMap(3);    
    private StringMap _virtualHostMap = new StringMap();
    private boolean _trace=false;
    private RequestLog _requestLog;
    private int _requestsPerGC ;
    private boolean _resolveRemoteHost =false;
    
    private String[] _serverClasses;
    private String[] _systemClasses;
    
    private transient int _gcRequests;
    private transient HttpContext _notFoundContext=null;
    private transient boolean _gracefulStop;
    
    
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Constructor. 
     */
00127     public HttpServer()
    {
        this(false);
    }
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Constructor. 
     * @param anonymous If true, the server is not included in the
     * static server lists and stopAll methods.
     */
00137     public HttpServer(boolean anonymous)
    {
        setAnonymous(anonymous);
        _virtualHostMap.setIgnoreCase(true);
    }
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    private void readObject(java.io.ObjectInputStream in)
        throws IOException, ClassNotFoundException
    {
        in.defaultReadObject();
        HttpListener[] listeners=getListeners();
        HttpContext[] contexts=getContexts();
        _listeners.clear();
        _virtualHostMap.clear();
        setContexts(contexts);
        setListeners(listeners);
        _statsLock=new Object[0];
    }
 
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** 
     * @param anonymous If true, the server is not included in the
     * static server lists and stopAll methods.
     */
00163     public void setAnonymous(boolean anonymous)
    {
        if (anonymous)
            __servers.remove(this);
        else
            __servers.put(this,__servers);
    }

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    public void setStopGracefully(boolean graceful)
    {
      _gracefulStop=graceful;
    }

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    public boolean getStopGracefully()
    {
      return _gracefulStop;
    }


    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** 
     * @param listeners Array of HttpListeners.
     */
00188     public void setListeners(HttpListener[] listeners)
    {
        List old = new ArrayList(_listeners);
        
        for (int i=0;i<listeners.length;i++)
        {
            boolean existing=old.remove(listeners[i]);
            if (!existing)
                addListener(listeners[i]);
        }

        for (int i=0;i<old.size();i++)
        {
            HttpListener listener=(HttpListener)old.get(i);
            removeListener(listener);
        }
    }
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** 
     * @return Array of HttpListeners.
     */
00210     public HttpListener[] getListeners()
    {
        if (_listeners==null)
            return new HttpListener[0];
        HttpListener[] listeners=new HttpListener[_listeners.size()];
        return (HttpListener[])_listeners.toArray(listeners);
    }
    
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Create and add a SocketListener.
     * Conveniance method.
     * @param address
     * @return the HttpListener.
     * @exception IOException 
     */
00226     public HttpListener addListener(String address)
        throws IOException
    {
        return addListener(new InetAddrPort(address));
    }
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Create and add a SocketListener.
     * Conveniance method.
     * @param address
     * @return the HttpListener.
     * @exception IOException 
     */
00239     public HttpListener addListener(InetAddrPort address)
        throws IOException
    {
        HttpListener listener = new SocketListener(address);
        listener.setHttpServer(this);
        _listeners.add(listener);
        addComponent(listener);
        return listener;
    }
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Add a HTTP Listener to the server.
     * @param listener The Listener.
     * @exception IllegalArgumentException If the listener is not for this
     * server.
     */
00255     public HttpListener addListener(HttpListener listener)
        throws IllegalArgumentException
    {
        listener.setHttpServer(this);        
        _listeners.add(listener);
        addComponent(listener);
        return listener;
    }
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Remove a HTTP Listener.
     * @param listener 
     */
00268     public void removeListener(HttpListener listener)
    {
        if (listener==null)
            return;
        
        for (int l=0;l<_listeners.size();l++)
        {
            if (listener.equals(_listeners.get(l)))
            {
                _listeners.remove(l);
                removeComponent(listener);
                if (listener.isStarted())
                    try{listener.stop();}catch(InterruptedException e){log.warn(LogSupport.EXCEPTION,e);}
                listener.setHttpServer(null);
            }
        }
    }

    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    public synchronized void setContexts(HttpContext[] contexts)
    {
        List old = Arrays.asList(getContexts());
        
        for (int i=0;i<contexts.length;i++)
        {
            boolean existing=old.remove(contexts[i]);
            if (!existing)
                addContext(contexts[i]);
        }

        for (int i=0;i<old.size();i++)
            removeContext((HttpContext)old.get(i));
    }

    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    public synchronized HttpContext[] getContexts()
    {
        if (_virtualHostMap==null)
            return new HttpContext[0];
        
        ArrayList contexts = new ArrayList(33);
        Iterator maps=_virtualHostMap.values().iterator();
        while (maps.hasNext())
        {
            PathMap pm=(PathMap)maps.next();
            Iterator lists=pm.values().iterator();
            while(lists.hasNext())
            {
                List list=(List)lists.next();
                for (int i=0;i<list.size();i++)
                {
                    HttpContext context=(HttpContext)list.get(i);
                    if (!contexts.contains(context))
                        contexts.add(context);
                }
            }
        }
        return (HttpContext[])contexts.toArray(new HttpContext[contexts.size()]);
    }

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Add a context.
     * @param context 
     */
00334     public HttpContext addContext(HttpContext context)
    {
        if (context.getContextPath()==null ||
            context.getContextPath().length()==0)
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("No Context Path Set");
        boolean existing=removeMappings(context);
        if (!existing)
        {
            context.setHttpServer(this);
            addComponent(context);
        }
        addMappings(context);
        return context;
    }

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Remove a context or Web application.
     * @exception IllegalStateException if context not stopped
     */
00353     public boolean removeContext(HttpContext context)
        throws IllegalStateException
    {
        if (removeMappings(context))
        {
            removeComponent(context);
            if (context.isStarted())
                try{context.stop();} catch (InterruptedException e){log.warn(LogSupport.EXCEPTION,e);}
            context.setHttpServer(null);
            return true;
        }
        return false;
    }
    

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Add a context.
     * As contexts cannot be publicly created, this may be used to
     * alias an existing context.
     * @param virtualHost The virtual host or null for all hosts.
     * @param context 
     */
00375     public HttpContext addContext(String virtualHost,
                                  HttpContext context)
    {
        if (virtualHost!=null)
            context.addVirtualHost(virtualHost);
        addContext(context);
        return context;
    }


    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Create and add a new context.
     * Note that multiple contexts can be created for the same
     * virtualHost and contextPath. Requests are offered to multiple
     * contexts in the order they where added to the HttpServer.
     * @param contextPath
     * @return A HttpContext instance created by a call to newHttpContext.
     */
00393     public HttpContext addContext(String contextPath)
    {
        HttpContext hc = newHttpContext();
        hc.setContextPath(contextPath);
        addContext(hc);
        return hc;
    }
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Create and add a new context.
     * Note that multiple contexts can be created for the same
     * virtualHost and contextPath. Requests are offered to multiple
     * contexts in the order they where added to the HttpServer.
     * @param virtualHost Virtual hostname or null for all hosts.
     * @param contextPathSpec Path specification relative to the context path.
     * @return A HttpContext instance created by a call to newHttpContext.
     */
00410     public HttpContext addContext(String virtualHost, String contextPathSpec)
    {
        if (virtualHost!=null && virtualHost.length()==0)
            virtualHost=null;
        HttpContext hc = newHttpContext();
        hc.setContextPath(contextPathSpec);
        if (virtualHost!=null)
            hc.addVirtualHost(virtualHost);
        addContext(hc);
        return hc;
    }
    
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Get specific context. 
     * @param virtualHost The virtual host or null for all hosts.
     * @param contextPathSpec Path specification relative to the context path.
     * @param i Index among contexts of same virtualHost and pathSpec.
     * @return The HttpContext or null.
     */
00430     public HttpContext getContext(String virtualHost, String contextPathSpec, int i)
    {
        HttpContext hc=null;
        contextPathSpec=HttpContext.canonicalContextPathSpec(contextPathSpec);

        PathMap contextMap=(PathMap)_virtualHostMap.get(virtualHost);
        if (contextMap!=null)
        {
            List contextList = (List)contextMap.get(contextPathSpec);
            if (contextList!=null)
            {
                if (i>=contextList.size())
                    return null;
                hc=(HttpContext)contextList.get(i);
            }
        }

        return hc;
    }

    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Get or create context. 
     * @param virtualHost The virtual host or null for all hosts.
     * @param contextPathSpec
     * @return HttpContext. If multiple contexts exist for the same
     * virtualHost and pathSpec, the most recently added context is returned.
     * If no context exists, a new context is created by a call to newHttpContext.
     */
00459     public HttpContext getContext(String virtualHost, String contextPathSpec)
    { 
        HttpContext hc=null;
        contextPathSpec=HttpContext.canonicalContextPathSpec(contextPathSpec);
        PathMap contextMap=(PathMap)_virtualHostMap.get(virtualHost);
        
        if (contextMap!=null)
        {
            List contextList = (List)contextMap.get(contextPathSpec);
            if (contextList!=null && contextList.size()>0)
                hc=(HttpContext)contextList.get(contextList.size()-1);
        }
        if (hc==null)
            hc=addContext(virtualHost,contextPathSpec);

        return hc;
    }
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Get or create context. 
     * @param contextPathSpec Path specification relative to the context path.
     * @return The HttpContext  If multiple contexts exist for the same
     * pathSpec, the most recently added context is returned.
     * If no context exists, a new context is created by a call to newHttpContext.
     */
00484     public HttpContext getContext(String contextPathSpec)
    {
        return getContext(null,contextPathSpec);
    }    
 
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Create a new HttpContext.
     * Specialized HttpServer classes may override this method to
     * return subclasses of HttpContext.
     * @return A new instance of HttpContext or a subclass of HttpContext
     */
00495     protected HttpContext newHttpContext()
    {
        return new HttpContext();
    }

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */    
    synchronized void addMapping(String virtualHost, HttpContext context)
    {
        // Get the map of contexts
        PathMap contextMap=(PathMap)_virtualHostMap.get(virtualHost);
        if (contextMap==null)
        {
            contextMap=new PathMap(7);
            _virtualHostMap.put(virtualHost,contextMap);
        }
        
        // Generalize contextPath
        String contextPathSpec=
            HttpContext.canonicalContextPathSpec(context.getContextPath());
        
        // Get the list of contexts at this path
        List contextList = (List)contextMap.get(contextPathSpec);
        if (contextList==null)
        {
            contextList=new ArrayList(1);
            contextMap.put(contextPathSpec,contextList);
        }
        
        // Add the context to the list
        contextList.add(context);
            
        if(log.isDebugEnabled())log.debug("Added "+context+" for host "+(virtualHost==null?"*":virtualHost));
    }
    

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    synchronized void addMappings(HttpContext context)
    {
        if (context==_notFoundContext)
            return;
        
        String[] hosts=context.getVirtualHosts();
        if (hosts==null || hosts.length==0)
            hosts = __noVirtualHost;

        // For each host name
        for (int h=0;h<hosts.length;h++)
        {
            String virtualHost=hosts[h];
            addMapping(virtualHost,context);
        }
    }


    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    synchronized boolean removeMapping(String virtualHost, HttpContext context)
    {
        boolean existing=false;
        if (_virtualHostMap!=null)
        {
            PathMap contextMap=(PathMap)_virtualHostMap.get(virtualHost);
            
            Iterator i2=contextMap.values().iterator();
            while(i2.hasNext())
            {
                List contextList = (List)i2.next();
                if (contextList.remove(context))
                    existing=true;                
                if (contextList.size()==0)
                    i2.remove();
            }
        }
        return existing;
    }
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    synchronized boolean removeMappings(HttpContext context)
    {
        boolean existing=false;
        
        if (_virtualHostMap!=null)
        {
            Iterator i1 = _virtualHostMap.keySet().iterator();
            while(i1.hasNext())
            {
                String virtualHost=(String)i1.next();
                if (removeMapping(virtualHost,context))
                    existing=true;
            }
        }
        return existing;
    }
    
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** 
     * @return True if the TRACE method is fully implemented.
     */
00593     public boolean getTrace()
    {
        return _trace;
    }
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** 
     * @param trace True if the TRACE method is fully implemented.
     */
00602     public void setTrace(boolean trace)
    {
        _trace = trace;
    }
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Get the requests per GC.
     * If this is set greater than zero, then the System garbage collector
     * will be invoked after approximately this number of requests.  For
     * predictable response, it is often best to have frequent small runs of
     * the GC rather than infrequent large runs.  The request count is only
     * approximate as it is not synchronized and multi CPU machines may miss
     * counting some requests.
     * @return Approx requests per garbage collection.
     */
00617     public int getRequestsPerGC()
    {
        return _requestsPerGC;
    }

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Set the requests per GC.
     * If this is set greater than zero, then the System garbage collector
     * will be invoked after approximately this number of requests.  For
     * predictable response, it is often best to have frequent small runs of
     * the GC rather than infrequent large runs.  The request count is only
     * approximate as it is not synchronized and multi CPU machines may miss
     * counting some requests.
     * @param requestsPerGC Approx requests per garbage collection.
     */
00632     public void setRequestsPerGC(int requestsPerGC)
    {
        _requestsPerGC = requestsPerGC;
    }

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Set system classes.
     * @deprecated. Use HttpContext
     */
00641     public void setSystemClasses(String[] classes)
    {
        _systemClasses=classes;
    }

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Get system classes.
     * @deprecated. Use HttpContext
     */
00650     public String[] getSystemClasses()
    {
        return _systemClasses;
    }

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Set system classes.
     * @deprecated. Use HttpContext
     */
00659     public void setServerClasses(String[] classes)
    {
        _serverClasses=classes;
    }

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Get system classes.
     * @deprecated. Use HttpContext
     */
00668     public String[] getServerClasses()
    {
        return _serverClasses;
    }


    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Start all handlers then listeners.
     * If a subcomponent fails to start, it's exception is added to a
     * org.mortbay.util.MultiException and the start method continues.
     * @exception MultiException A collection of exceptions thrown by
     * start() method of subcomponents of the HttpServer. 
     */
00681     protected synchronized void doStart()
        throws Exception
    {
        log.info("Version "+Version.getImplVersion());
        
        MultiException mex = new MultiException();

        statsReset();
        
        if (log.isDebugEnabled())
        {
            log.debug("LISTENERS: "+_listeners);
            log.debug("HANDLER: "+_virtualHostMap);
        }   

        if (_requestLog!=null && !_requestLog.isStarted())
        {
            try{
                _requestLog.start();
            }
            catch(Exception e){mex.add(e);}
        }
        
        HttpContext[] contexts = getContexts();
        for (int i=0;i<contexts.length;i++)
        {
            HttpContext context=contexts[i];
            try{context.start();}catch(Exception e){mex.add(e);}
        }
        
        for (int l=0;l<_listeners.size();l++)
        {
            HttpListener listener =(HttpListener)_listeners.get(l);
            listener.setHttpServer(this);
            if (!listener.isStarted())
                try{listener.start();}catch(Exception e){mex.add(e);}
        }

        mex.ifExceptionThrowMulti();
    }
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Stop all listeners then all contexts.
     * Equivalent to stop(false);
     * @exception InterruptedException If interrupted, stop may not have
     * been called on everything.
     */
00728     protected synchronized void doStop()
        throws InterruptedException
    {
        for (int l=0;l<_listeners.size();l++)
        {
            HttpListener listener =(HttpListener)_listeners.get(l); 
            if (listener.isStarted())
            {
                try{listener.stop();}
                catch(Exception e)
                {
                    if (log.isDebugEnabled())
                        log.warn(LogSupport.EXCEPTION,e);
                    else
                        log.warn(e.toString());
                }
            }
        }
        
        HttpContext[] contexts = getContexts();
        for (int i=0;i<contexts.length;i++)
        {
            HttpContext context=contexts[i];
            context.stop(_gracefulStop);
        }

        if (_notFoundContext!=null)
        {
            _notFoundContext.stop();
            removeComponent(_notFoundContext);
        }
        _notFoundContext=null;
        
        if (_requestLog!=null && _requestLog.isStarted())
            _requestLog.stop();
    }
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Stop all listeners then all contexts.
     * @param graceful If true and statistics are on for a context,
     * then this method will wait for requestsActive to go to zero
     * before stopping that context.
     */
00771     public synchronized void stop(boolean graceful)
        throws InterruptedException
    {
        boolean ov=_gracefulStop;
        try
        {
            _gracefulStop=graceful;
            stop();
        }
        finally
        {
            _gracefulStop=ov;
        }
    }
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Join the listeners.
     * Join all listeners that are instances of ThreadPool.
     * @exception InterruptedException 
     */
00791     public void join()
        throws InterruptedException
    { 
        for (int l=0;l<_listeners.size();l++)
        {
            HttpListener listener =(HttpListener)_listeners.get(l); 
            if (listener.isStarted() && listener instanceof ThreadPool)
            {
                ((ThreadPool)listener).join();
            }
        }
    }
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Define a virtual host alias.
     * All requests to the alias are handled the same as request for
     * the virtualHost.
     * @deprecated Use HttpContext.addVirtualHost
     * @param virtualHost Host name or IP
     * @param alias Alias hostname or IP
     */
00812     public void addHostAlias(String virtualHost, String alias)
    {
        log.warn("addHostAlias is deprecated. Use HttpContext.addVirtualHost");
        Object contextMap=_virtualHostMap.get(virtualHost);
        if (contextMap==null)
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("No Such Host: "+virtualHost);
        _virtualHostMap.put(alias,contextMap);
    }

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Set the request log.
     * @param log RequestLog to use.
     */
00825     public synchronized void setRequestLog(RequestLog log)
    {
        if (_requestLog!=null)
            removeComponent(_requestLog);
        _requestLog=log;
        if (_requestLog!=null)
            addComponent(_requestLog);
    }

    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    public RequestLog getRequestLog()
    {
        return _requestLog;
    }
    

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Log a request to the request log
     * @param request The request.
     * @param response The response generated.
     * @param length The length of the body.
     */
00848     void log(HttpRequest request,
             HttpResponse response,
             int length)
    {
        if (_requestLog!=null &&
            request!=null &&
            response!=null)
            _requestLog.log(request,response,length);
    }
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Service a request.
     * Handle the request by passing it to the HttpHandler contained in
     * the mapped HttpContexts.
     * The requests host and path are used to select a list of
     * HttpContexts. Each HttpHandler in these context is offered
     * the request in turn, until the request is handled.
     *
     * If no handler handles the request, 404 Not Found is returned.
     *
     * @param request 
     * @param response
     * @return The HttpContext that completed handling of the request or null.
     * @exception IOException 
     * @exception HttpException 
     */
00874     public HttpContext service(HttpRequest request,HttpResponse response)
        throws IOException, HttpException
    {
        String host=request.getHost();

        if (_requestsPerGC>0 && _gcRequests++>_requestsPerGC)
        {
            _gcRequests=0;
            System.gc();
        }
        
        while (true)
        {
            PathMap contextMap=(PathMap)_virtualHostMap.get(host);
            if (contextMap!=null)
            {
                List contextLists =contextMap.getMatches(request.getPath());
                if(contextLists!=null)
                {
                    if(log.isTraceEnabled())log.trace("Contexts at "+request.getPath()+": "+contextLists);
                    
                    for (int i=0;i<contextLists.size();i++)
                    {
                        Map.Entry entry=
                            (Map.Entry)
                            contextLists.get(i);
                        List contextList = (List)entry.getValue();
                
                        for (int j=0;j<contextList.size();j++)
                        {
                            HttpContext context=
                                (HttpContext)contextList.get(j);
                            
                            if(log.isDebugEnabled())log.debug("Try "+context+","+j);

                            context.handle(request,response);
                            if (request.isHandled())
                                return context;
                        }
                    }   
                }
            }
            
            // try no host
            if (host==null)
                break;
            host=null;
        }   

        synchronized(this)
        {
            if (_notFoundContext==null)
            {
                _notFoundContext=new HttpContext();
                _notFoundContext.setContextPath("/");
                _notFoundContext.setHttpServer(this);

                try
                {
                    _notFoundContext
                        .addHandler((NotFoundHandler)Class.forName
                                    ("org.mortbay.http.handler.RootNotFoundHandler").newInstance());
                }
                catch (Exception e)
                {
                    _notFoundContext.addHandler(new NotFoundHandler());
                }
                
                addComponent(_notFoundContext);
                try{_notFoundContext.start();}catch(Exception e){log.warn(LogSupport.EXCEPTION,e);}
            }
            
            _notFoundContext.handle(request,response);
            if (!request.isHandled())
                response.sendError(HttpResponse.__404_Not_Found);
            return _notFoundContext;
        }
    }
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Find handler.
     * Find a handler for a URI.  This method is provided for
     * the servlet context getContext method to search for another
     * context by URI.  A list of hosts may be passed to qualify the
     * search.
     * @param uri URI that must be satisfied by the servlet handler 
     * @param vhosts null or a list of virtual hosts names to search
     * @return HttpHandler
     */
00963     public HttpHandler findHandler(Class handlerClass,
                                   String uri,
                                   String[] vhosts)
    {
        uri = URI.stripPath(uri);

        if (vhosts==null || vhosts.length==0)
            vhosts=__noVirtualHost;
        
        for (int h=0; h<vhosts.length ; h++)
        {
            String host = vhosts[h];
            
            PathMap contextMap=(PathMap)_virtualHostMap.get(host);
            if (contextMap!=null)
            {
                List contextLists =contextMap.getMatches(uri);
                if(contextLists!=null)
                {
                    
                    for (int i=0;i<contextLists.size();i++)
                    {
                        Map.Entry entry=
                            (Map.Entry)
                            contextLists.get(i);
                        
                        List contextList = (List)entry.getValue();
                
                        for (int j=0;j<contextList.size();j++)
                        {
                            HttpContext context=
                                (HttpContext)contextList.get(j);

                            HttpHandler handler = context.getHandler(handlerClass);

                            if (handler!=null)
                                return handler;
                        }
                    }   
                }
            }
        }   
        return null;
    }
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    public UserRealm addRealm(UserRealm realm)
    {
        return (UserRealm)_realmMap.put(realm.getName(),realm);
    }
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Get a named UserRealm.
     * @param realmName The name of the realm or null.
     * @return The named realm. If the name is null and only a single realm
     * is known, that is returned.
     */
01020     public UserRealm getRealm(String realmName)
    {
        if (realmName==null)
        {
            if (_realmMap.size()==1)
                return (UserRealm)_realmMap.values().iterator().next();
            log.warn("Null realmName with multiple known realms");
        }
        return (UserRealm)_realmMap.get(realmName);
    }
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    public UserRealm removeRealm(String realmName)
    {
        return (UserRealm)_realmMap.remove(realmName);
    }    
    

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    public Map getHostMap()
    {
        return _virtualHostMap;
    }

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** 
     * @return True if the remote host name of connections is resolved.
     */
01048     public boolean getResolveRemoteHost()
    {
        return _resolveRemoteHost;
    }
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** 
     * @param resolveRemoteHost True if the remote host name of connections is resolved.
     */
01057     public void setResolveRemoteHost(boolean resolveRemoteHost)
    {
        _resolveRemoteHost = resolveRemoteHost;
    }


    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    private boolean _statsOn=false;
    private transient Object _statsLock=new Object[0];
    
    private transient long _statsStartedAt=0;
    
    private transient int _connections;                  // total number of connections made to server
    
    private transient int _connectionsOpen;              // number of connections currently open
    private transient int _connectionsOpenMin;           // min number of connections open simultaneously
    private transient int _connectionsOpenMax;           // max number of connections open simultaneously
    
    private transient long _connectionsDurationMin;      // min duration of a connection
    private transient long _connectionsDurationMax;      // max duration of a connection
    private transient long _connectionsDurationTotal;    // total duration of all coneection

    private transient int _errors;                       // total bad requests to the server
    private transient int _requests;                     // total requests made to the server

    private transient int _requestsActive;               // number of requests currently being handled
    private transient int _requestsActiveMin;            // min number of connections handled simultaneously
    private transient int _requestsActiveMax;            // max number of connections handled simultaneously
    
    private transient int _connectionsRequestsMin;       // min requests per connection
    private transient int _connectionsRequestsMax;       // max requests per connection

    private transient long _requestsDurationMin;         // min request duration
    private transient long _requestsDurationMax;         // max request duration
    private transient long _requestsDurationTotal;       // total request duration
    
    
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Reset statistics.
     */
01098     public void statsReset()
    {
        _statsStartedAt=System.currentTimeMillis();

        _connections=0;
        
        _connectionsOpenMin=_connectionsOpen;
        _connectionsOpenMax=_connectionsOpen;
        _connectionsOpen=0;
        
        _connectionsDurationMin=0;
        _connectionsDurationMax=0;
        _connectionsDurationTotal=0;

        _errors=0;
        _requests=0;

        _requestsActiveMin=_requestsActive;
        _requestsActiveMax=_requestsActive;
        _requestsActive=0;
        
        _connectionsRequestsMin=0;
        _connectionsRequestsMax=0;

        _requestsDurationMin=0;
        _requestsDurationMax=0;
        _requestsDurationTotal=0;
    }
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    public void setStatsOn(boolean on)
    {
        log.info("Statistics on = "+on+" for "+this);
        _statsOn=on;
    }
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** 
     * @return True if statistics collection is turned on.
     */
01138     public boolean getStatsOn()
    {
        return _statsOn;
    }
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** 
     * @return Timestamp stats were started at.
     */
01147     public long getStatsOnMs()
    {
        return _statsOn?(System.currentTimeMillis()-_statsStartedAt):0;
    }
    
    

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /**
     * @return Returns the connectionsDurationMin.
     */
01158     public long getConnectionsDurationMin()
    {
        return _connectionsDurationMin;
    }

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /**
     * @return Returns the connectionsDurationTotal.
     */
01167     public long getConnectionsDurationTotal()
    {
        return _connectionsDurationTotal;
    }

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /**
     * @return Returns the connectionsOpenMin.
     */
01176     public int getConnectionsOpenMin()
    {
        return _connectionsOpenMin;
    }

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /**
     * @return Returns the connectionsRequestsMin.
     */
01185     public int getConnectionsRequestsMin()
    {
        return _connectionsRequestsMin;
    }

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /**
     * @return Returns the requestsActiveMin.
     */
01194     public int getRequestsActiveMin()
    {
        return _requestsActiveMin;
    }

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /**
     * @return Returns the requestsDurationMin.
     */
01203     public long getRequestsDurationMin()
    {
        return _requestsDurationMin;
    }

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /**
     * @return Returns the requestsDurationTotal.
     */
01212     public long getRequestsDurationTotal()
    {
        return _requestsDurationTotal;
    }

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** 
     * @return Number of connections accepted by the server since
     * statsReset() called. Undefined if setStatsOn(false).
     */
01222     public int getConnections() {return _connections;}

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** 
     * @return Number of connections currently open that were opened
     * since statsReset() called. Undefined if setStatsOn(false).
     */
01229     public int getConnectionsOpen() {return _connectionsOpen;}

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** 
     * @return Maximum number of connections opened simultaneously
     * since statsReset() called. Undefined if setStatsOn(false).
     */
01236     public int getConnectionsOpenMax() {return _connectionsOpenMax;}

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** 
     * @return Average duration in milliseconds of open connections
     * since statsReset() called. Undefined if setStatsOn(false).
     */
01243     public long getConnectionsDurationAve() {return _connections==0?0:(_connectionsDurationTotal/_connections);}

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** 
     * @return Maximum duration in milliseconds of an open connection
     * since statsReset() called. Undefined if setStatsOn(false).
     */
01250     public long getConnectionsDurationMax() {return _connectionsDurationMax;}

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** 
     * @return Average number of requests per connection
     * since statsReset() called. Undefined if setStatsOn(false).
     */
01257     public int getConnectionsRequestsAve() {return _connections==0?0:(_requests/_connections);}

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** 
     * @return Maximum number of requests per connection
     * since statsReset() called. Undefined if setStatsOn(false).
     */
01264     public int getConnectionsRequestsMax() {return _connectionsRequestsMax;}


    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** 
     * @return Number of errors generated while handling requests.
     * since statsReset() called. Undefined if setStatsOn(false).
     */
01272     public int getErrors() {return _errors;}

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** 
     * @return Number of requests
     * since statsReset() called. Undefined if setStatsOn(false).
     */
01279     public int getRequests() {return _requests;}

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** 
     * @return Number of requests currently active.
     * Undefined if setStatsOn(false).
     */
01286     public int getRequestsActive() {return _requestsActive;}

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** 
     * @return Maximum number of active requests
     * since statsReset() called. Undefined if setStatsOn(false).
     */
01293     public int getRequestsActiveMax() {return _requestsActiveMax;}

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** 
     * @return Average duration of request handling in milliseconds 
     * since statsReset() called. Undefined if setStatsOn(false).
     */
01300     public long getRequestsDurationAve() {return _requests==0?0:(_requestsDurationTotal/_requests);}

    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** 
     * @return Get maximum duration in milliseconds of request handling
     * since statsReset() called. Undefined if setStatsOn(false).
     */
01307     public long getRequestsDurationMax() {return _requestsDurationMax;}
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    void statsOpenConnection()
    {
        synchronized(_statsLock)
        {
            _connectionsOpen++;
            if (_connectionsOpen > _connectionsOpenMax)
                _connectionsOpenMax=_connectionsOpen;
        }
    }
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    void statsGotRequest()
    {
        synchronized(_statsLock)
        {
            _requestsActive++;
            if (_requestsActive > _requestsActiveMax)
                _requestsActiveMax=_requestsActive;
        }
    }
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    void statsEndRequest(long duration,boolean ok)
    {
        synchronized(_statsLock)
        {
            _requests++;
            _requestsActive--;
            if (_requestsActive<0)
                _requestsActive=0;
            if (_requestsActive < _requestsActiveMin)
                _requestsActiveMin=_requestsActive;
            
            if (ok)
            {
                _requestsDurationTotal+=duration;
                if (_requestsDurationMin==0 || duration<_requestsDurationMin)
                    _requestsDurationMin=duration;
                if (duration>_requestsDurationMax)
                    _requestsDurationMax=duration;
            }
            else
                _errors++;
        }
    }
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    void statsCloseConnection(long duration,int requests)
    {
        synchronized(_statsLock)
        {
            _connections++;
            _connectionsOpen--;
            _connectionsDurationTotal+=duration;
            if (_connectionsOpen<0)
                _connectionsOpen=0;
            if (_connectionsOpen<_connectionsOpenMin)
                _connectionsOpenMin=_connectionsOpen;
            if (_connectionsDurationMin==0 || duration<_connectionsDurationMin)
                _connectionsDurationMin=duration;
            if (duration>_connectionsDurationMax)
                _connectionsDurationMax=duration;
            if (_connectionsRequestsMin==0 || requests<_connectionsRequestsMin)
                _connectionsRequestsMin=requests;
            if (requests>_connectionsRequestsMax)
                _connectionsRequestsMax=requests;
        }
    }


    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Save the HttpServer
     * The server is saved by serialization to the given filename or URL.
     *
     * @param saveat A file or URL to save the configuration at. 
     * @exception MalformedURLException 
     * @exception IOException 
     */
01388     public void save(String saveat)
        throws MalformedURLException,
               IOException
    {
        Resource resource = Resource.newResource(saveat);
        ObjectOutputStream out = new ObjectOutputStream(resource.getOutputStream());
        out.writeObject(this);
        out.flush();
        out.close();
        log.info("Saved "+this+" to "+resource);
    }
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Destroy a stopped server.
     * Remove all components and send notifications to all event
     * listeners. The HttpServer must be stopped before it can be destroyed.
     */
01405     public void destroy()
    {
        __servers.remove(this);
        if (isStarted())
            throw new IllegalStateException("Started");
        if (_listeners!=null)
            _listeners.clear();
        _listeners=null;
        if (_virtualHostMap!=null)
            _virtualHostMap.clear();
        _virtualHostMap=null;
        _notFoundContext=null;

        super.destroy();
    }
    
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
    /** Construct server from command line arguments.
     * @param args 
     */
01426     public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        if (args.length==0 || args.length>2)
        {
            System.err.println
                ("\nUsage - java org.mortbay.http.HttpServer [<addr>:]<port>");
            System.err.println
                ("\nUsage - java org.mortbay.http.HttpServer -r [savefile]");
            System.err.println
                ("  Serves files from '.' directory");
            System.err.println
                ("  Dump handler for not found requests");
            System.err.println
                ("  Default port is 8080");
            System.exit(1);
        }
        
        try{
            
            if (args.length==1)
            {
                // Create the server
                HttpServer server = new HttpServer();
                
                // Default is no virtual host
                String host=null;
                HttpContext context = server.getContext(host,"/");
                context.setResourceBase(".");
                context.addHandler(new ResourceHandler());
                context.addHandler(new DumpHandler());
                context.addHandler(new NotFoundHandler());

                InetAddrPort address = new InetAddrPort(args[0]);
                server.addListener(address);

                server.start();
            }
            else
            {
                Resource resource = Resource.newResource(args[1]);
                ObjectInputStream in = new ObjectInputStream(resource.getInputStream());
                HttpServer server = (HttpServer)in.readObject();
                in.close();
                server.start();
            }
            
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            log.warn(LogSupport.EXCEPTION,e);
        }
    }
}

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